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Australia's diffferent immigration avenues

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Are you sitting at your cubicle, staring at the window in front of you, a window that is perpetually closed, presumably to keep out the sun, but in reality to block the depressing view of the concrete jungle outside? Are you wondering how lovely it would be to move to a place, where you can have verdant views to gaze on as you work?! A place where the sun is a friend to be welcomed and not a foe to be shunned?! A place where you can meet people of different cultures and learn something new every day?! If you answered yes to any or all of these questions, then Australia is the place for you.


Australia, is a great place to live, work and raise a family. Cities in Australia consistently feature on the most livable city in the world rankings. Australian cities and suburbs are vibrant and full of culture. The country’s abundant levels of fresh air, low pollution levels, low population, superb natural landscapes and breathtaking scenery, combined with over 36000 km of coastline, dotted with pristine beaches, makes Australia the popular choice for nature lovers. The education system in Australia is on par with the best in the world. Australian universities are frequently ranked amongst the top universities in the world by university ranking polls. Australia has one of the strongest and most resilient economies in the world. The country has a low level of unemployment and faces skills shortage in various professional fields.


 


 


 


The Australian economy, moreover depends on its migrant population to replace the large number of people retiring the work force. The Chief Interest Rate Strategist of the Commonwealth Bank, Jared Kerr, has opined that developed nations are going through major upheavals in their demographics as the generation of baby-boomers is on the brink of retirement. He further indicated that, in many countries in Western Europe and Japan, The number of people being born, are not sufficient to replace those who are dying, this causes a gap in the labor force, thus hampering both economic growth and inflation. However in Australia, Mr. Kerr pointed out, a huge annual intake of immigrants would ensure that the economy would have access to a steady stream of young people to replace those who retire.[i] This has caused Australia, to encourage and provide various options for skilled workers to immigrate under varied visa programs.


 


The Australian visa program is a point based visa system that aims to select potential candidates based on merit. A person may enter Australia, under the student visa, skilled workers visa, holiday or vacation visa, business visa and Permanent resident visa program. Of these, permanent resident visa, is applied for with an intent to stay permanently. Needless to say, the processing for this visa is the most stringent. Holiday visas and student visas are obtained with the intent of temporary stay, although one can change one’s status to permanent resident once one is in Australia. Students visiting Australia with an intention to study are admitted under the student visa program. Moreover international students, who are under 18 years of age, can apply for their guardians to accompany them, under the student guardian visa program. Candidates immigrating under the skilled workers program with an intention to stay temporarily or permanently can apply under various subclasses as the case maybe. The Australia immigration point’s calculator assesses the candidates, on various areas including education level, English proficiency, spousal education, etc. to assess employability and assigned a weighted score in each category, scores in all categories totaling to one hundred points. Candidates scoring a total of 60 points or above[ii] are considered eligible for immigration. A detailed classification for visa subclasses under the skilled workers visa program is given below.


 


 


Temporary worker skilled visa (sub class 457)



  1. Duration: Min - One day, Max – Four years

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Should be sponsored by an employer

    2. Occupation should be on the existing skilled occupations list

    3. Candidate should have the skills necessary to carry out the occupation

    4. Candidate should have necessary English language skills unless exempted



  3. Points Assessment: Not Required

  4. SkillSelect EOI(Expression of Interest): Optional

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: No


 


Employer nomination scheme (ENS) visa (subclass 186)



  1. Duration: Permanent

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Three years of work experience

    2. skill assessment by relevant Australian authority

    3. Relevant registration or license should be held



  3. Points Assessment: Not required

  4. SkillSelect EOI(Expression of Interest): Optional

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: No


Regional sponsored Migration scheme (RMS) visa (subclass 187)



  1. Duration: Permanent

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Should be sponsored by regional employer

    2. Should have related Australian or overseas qualification, unless exempt

    3. Qualified trades workers need to have their skills assessed by Trade Australia

    4. occupation Should be an ANZSCO skill level 1-3

    5. Should be under 50

    6. Should have at least competent English



  3. Points Assessment: Not required

  4. SkillSelect EOI(Expression of Interest): Optional

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: No


Skilled independent visa (subclass 189)



  1. Duration: Permanent

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Should have an invitation to apply

    2. Should be under 50 years of age

    3. Should know at least competent English

    4. Nominated occupation Should be on applicable consolidated sponsored occupation list (CSOL)

    5. Skills Should be assessed by relevant assessing authority



  3. Points Assessment: Required

  4. SkillSelect EOI(Expression of Interest): Mandatory

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: No


Skilled nominated visa (subclass 190)



  1. Duration: Permanent

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Should be nominated by a state/territory government

    2. Should be invited to apply

    3. Should be under 50 years of age

    4. Should have at least competent English

    5. Nominated occupation Should be listed on applicable consolidated sponsored occupation list (CSOL)

    6. Skills should be assessed by relevant assessing authority



  3. Points Assessment: Required

  4. skillSelect EOI(Expression of Interest): Mandatory

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: No


Skilled regional (provisional) visa (subclass 489) (sponsored)



  1. Duration: Min - One day, Max – Four years

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Should be sponsored by an employer

    2. Occupation Should be on the existing skilled occupations list

    3. Candidate Should have the skills necessary to carry out the occupation

    4. Candidate Should have necessary English language skills unless exempted



  3. Points Assessment: Required

  4. skillSelect EOI: Mandatory, except when renewing provisional visa

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: Yes


Skilled regional (provisional) visa (subclass 489) (state or territory nominated)



  1. Duration: Min - One day, Max – Four years

  2. Eligibility Criteria:

    1. Should be at least 50 years of age

    2. Should be invited to apply

    3. Should be nominated by a state/territory government

    4. Nominated occupation Should be on the consolidated skills occupation list (CSOL)

    5. Should have at least competent English



  3. Points Assessment: Required

  4. skillSelect EOI: Mandatory, except when renewing provisional visa

  5. Mandatory to work in regional Australia: Yes


 


Given the various visas and visa subclass programs available for aspirants intending to make Australia their new home, it is safe to say that there is something for every category of visa applicant to Australia.


 


 


 


 


 


 


 


[i]http://www.news.com.au/finance/business/breaking-news/migration-to-fuel-ageing-australia-report/news-story/83f1f742b923835e60193edb0fc592f4


[ii]https://www.acacia-au.com/skilled-migration-points-test.php